A New Reagent for Stable Thiol-Specific Conjugation

Abstract

George Badescu, Penny Bryant, Julia Swierkosz, Farzad Khayrzad, Estera Pawlisz, Monika Farys, Yuehua Cong, Maurizio Muroni, Norbert Rumpf, Steve Brocchini, and Antony Godwin; Bioconjugate Chem., 2014, 25 (3), pp 460–469

Abstract

Many clinically used protein therapeutics are modified to increase their efficacy. Example modifications include the conjugation of cytotoxic drugs to monoclonal antibodies or poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) to proteins and peptides. Monothiol-specific conjugation can be efficient and is often accomplished using maleimide-based reagents. However, maleimide derived conjugates are known to be susceptible to exchange reactions with endogenous proteins. To address this limitation in stability, we have developed PEG–mono-sulfone 3, which is a latently reactive, monothiol selective conjugation reagent. Comparative reactions with PEG–maleimide and other common thiol-selective PEGylation reagents including vinyl sulfone, acrylate, and halo-acetamides show that PEG–mono-sulfone 3 undergoes more efficient conjugation under mild reaction conditions. Due to the latent reactivity of PEG–mono-sulfone 3, its reactivity can be tailored and, once conjugated, the electron-withdrawing ketone is easily reduced under mild conditions to prevent undesirable deconjugation and exchange reactions from occurring. We describe a comparative stability study demonstrating a PEG–maleimide conjugate to be more labile to deconjugation than the corresponding conjugate obtained using PEG–mono-sulfone 3.

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